The era of sustainable development and the challenge of climate change

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Albert-P. Miró-Pérez
José Luis Bustelo Gracia


Sustainability makes it possible to understand that human beings are facing a world with exhaustible resources, with a constantly growing population and with economic progress based on obsolete technologies that generate overflowing energy consumption, generating billions of tonnes of waste that are added to the ecosystem. These factors trigger catastrophic climatic consequences that have put the “world” on alert as it realizes that there is a planetary carrying capacity limit and that we are approaching the collapse of the ecosystem and endangering future generations. In addition to undermining the quality of life of all living beings present, by exceeding the natural equilibrium capacity of the ecosystems that sustain it. In order to answer this question, this article has reviewed the literature on the subject that is the subject of so much debate. The aim of this article is therefore to analyse the concept in detail, in order to establish its link with climate change, both of which are inseparable factors. It has concluded that climate change today has become a problem of multidimensional proportions, that involves entire institutions and societies, in order to mitigate its catastrophic global consequences, and has been categorized as one of the greatest challenges of this century. Not only that, but social justice is becoming increasingly important for social actors interacting with the environment.


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Miró-Pérez, A.-P., & Bustelo Gracia, J. L. (2023). The era of sustainable development and the challenge of climate change . Economía & Negocios, 5(1), 252–271.
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